Jesus on the Cross
The terrible death by crucifixion was suffered by Jesus on the cross. The events that led up to his death began when He was arrested and tried by the Jewish Sanhedrin and then sentenced by Pontius Pilate. The sentence passed led to the Scourging of Jesus and the death of Jesus on the cross which are referred to as the Passion of Christ. The crucifixion is described in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. After being scourged, Jesus was mocked by Roman soldiers as the "King of the Jews" who crowned him with thorns. Christ then had to make his way to the place of his crucifixion which was called the place of a skull, which is in the Hebrew, Golgotha. Jesus was then stripped and nailed to the cross and the Roman soldiers placed a sign above his head saying "King of the Jews" in three languages. Jesus was hung on the cross between two convicted thieves.
How long was Jesus on the Cross?
According to the Gospel of Mark the torment of Jesus on the cross took some six hours, from the third hour (Mark 15:25) until his death at the ninth hour (Mark 15:34-37). At this point the soldiers pierced his side with a spear to be certain that he had died.
Christ on the Cross - Jesus Crucifixion
Jesus crucifixion meant an agonising death which was common in the Roman era. It was customary for a convicted person to first scourged, then stripped of his clothes and nailed to the cross. The nails were inserted just above the wrist, between the two bones of the forearm or driven through the wrist. When nailed to the cross there was a massive strain put on the wrists, arms and shoulders often resulting in a dislocation of the shoulder and elbow joints. When Jesus was on the cross he would not have been able to breath and death would finally occur from asphyxiation. Crucifixion meant a painful and lingering death. The length of time required to die from crucifixion could range from hours to a number of days. The Physical Death of Jesus Christ was incredibly painful, hence the term excruciating.
The Last Words of Jesus on the Cross
The gospels mention a total of seven statements that Christ made while he was being crucified, these are fully detailed in the Seven Last Words of Jesus on the cross:
- Father forgive them, for they know not what they do (Luke 23:34)
- Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise (Luke 23:43)
- Woman, behold your son: behold your mother (John 19:26-27)
- My God, My God, why have you forsaken me? (Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34)
- I thirst (John 19:28)
- It is finished (John 19:30)
- Father, into your hands I commit my spirit (Luke 23:46)
Jesus on the Cross